From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishstudystud‧y1 /ˈstʌdi/ ●●● S1 W1 noun (plural studies) 1 research [countable]STUDY a piece of work that is done to find out more about a particular subject or problem, and usually includes a written report Recent studies show that women still get paid a lot less than men.study of/into/on a study of Australian wild birds The study was carried out between January and May 2008. → case study2 learning [uncountable]LEARNSTUDY when you spend time learning, especially at home or by yourself rather than during school Set aside a period of time specifically for study. ways to improve study skills (=skills that help you study efficiently and be successful in school)3 subject [uncountable] (also studies [plural])a subject that people study at a college or universitystudy of Linguistics is the study of language. Environmental Studiesliterary/historical/scientific etc study the scientific study of earthquakes4 → somebody’s studies5 careful consideration [uncountable] when you examine or consider something very carefully and in detail a report that deserves careful study6 room [countable]DHH a room in a house that is used for work or study → office7 art [countable]AVPICTURE a small detailed drawing, especially one that is done to prepare for a large painting Renoir’s studies of small plants and flowers 8 music [countable]APM a piece of music, usually for piano, that is often intended for practice9 → make a study of something10 → be a study in something11 → a quick studyCOLLOCATIONSverbsdo a study/carry out a study (also conduct a study formal)The scientists are carrying out a study into the effects of global warming.a study finds somethingThe study found that men were more likely to take risks.a study shows somethingStudies have shown that the drug works.a study suggests/indicates somethingA British study suggests that older drivers are safer drivers.a study reveals something (=shows something, especially something surprising)A recent study revealed that 74% of donuts are bought on impulse.a study confirms something (=shows that something is true)The study confirms what we all know – smoking is also bad for the people around you. a study aims to do somethingThe study aimed to identify the housing needs of local people. publish a studyThe study was published in the British Medical Journal.fund a study (=pay for it)The study was funded by a major US drugs company. commission a study (=ask someone to carry out a study)The government has commissioned a study into the health of residents living near the power station.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + studya research studyResearch studies have found that young people are drinking no more than they were 20 years ago.a detailed study (also an in-depth study)They carried out a detailed study into the effects of the disease on mice. a two-year/three-month etc studyThey are engaged in a five-year study into the effects of calcium on bone health.a huge/massive studyThe journal published the results of a massive study of 87,000 women. a previous/earlier studyThe report is a summary of the work done in earlier studies.a pilot study (=one done to find out if something will be successful)The government has just completed a pilot study, with some encouraging results.a feasibility study (=one done to find out if something is possible or practical)They commissioned a feasibility study into re-opening the whole railway line.phrasesthe aims of a studyThe aims of this study are to examine the reliability of current techniques. the results/findings of a studyThe results of this study suggest that the drug is effective in over 80% of cases.His research confirmed the findings of earlier studies.
Examples from the Corpusstudy• Studies of dolphins have shown that they are able to communicate information to each other.• We're doing a study into how much time people spend watching television each day.• The Peace Corps Volunteers were a study in contrast.• Our comparative study of political culture includes five democracies.• Woodward's busy work schedule left little time for study on her MBA degree.• Most of the relevant experimental evidence on this issue comes not from studies of latent inhibition but from investigations of conditioning itself.• Later studies have concentrated on comparisons with attitudes to oil development in Dorset and on reactions to Chernobyl.• Berne has published a review of studies on sex education programs in public schools.• The exhibition includes a series of studies by Picasso for his painting Guernica.• A series of studies was made to discover the relationship between diet and behavior.• Recent studies have shown that women find it harder than men to give up smoking.• A Scandinavian study uses a randomisation scheme which will probably prevent the group from obtaining a scientifically valuable result.• Four such cases have been reported in the United Kingdom during the past decade, the study says.• If the study yields promising projections, construction will begin in April.• Paleontology is the study of ancient life.• Treatment with sedative antihistamines was continued throughout the study if they were in use on entry.• The study also showed a disturbing trend in another area: hours worked.study of/into/on• But how does this allow a study of style that is objective and exact?• There have been studies of the artwork people put up.• The Agriculture Minister, John Gummer, said that the government would carry out a pilot study into pollution control methods.• Grammars and parsers were invented for the study of human languages.• Geochronology: the study of time in relation to the history of the Earth.• Subject matter relevant to the study of banking: commodity money, coin currency etc.• The study of Scripture, he suggested, did nothing to hinder an inquisitive man's delight in the study of nature.• Not uncommonly, studies of this kind which relate to relatively uncharted areas raise more issues than they solve.study skills• In addition to counselling on particular personal problems, advice is available on aspects such as accommodation, study skills and careers.• Organising yourself Of all study skills, perhaps the most elusive is the ability to organise and manage time effectively.• Tuition in study skills and information retrieval methods especially electronic.• These were intended to cover areas such as language use and the acquisition of study skills.• For others it meant something comparable to an across-the-curriculum approach to the teaching of study skills.• For some members of staff, study skills was what the ESSE/L Project was really all about.• Others also emphasised the study skills dimension of the library plan, but meant something much narrower by it.• Much use will be made of the School Library where study skills will be learnt. literary/historical/scientific etc study• There is no doubt that Angelica Kauffman's work offers a large and varied body of materials for feminist cultural and historical study.• Government ministries set aside $ 7 million for further scientific studies.• From this point of view, the resulting surveys are sometimes like historical studies.• New scientific studies indicating that the danger of dioxin was in fact worse than previously realized were hardly reported.• Literariness, and not this or that work by this or that author, is the object of literary studies.• The project will adopt a case-study methodology and will focus on scientific studies of the Precambrian.• Third, all purely historical study by its very nature can offer only provisional results.• It was pretty carefully set up: First, a report of a seemingly scientific study.studystudy2 ●●● S1 W1 verb (studied, studying) 1 [intransitive, transitive]SESTUDY to learn about a subject at school, university etc I’ve been studying English for six years. I can’t study with that music playing all the time.study law/business/history etc (=study a subject at a school or university) Anna is studying French literature.study at a university/school etc Stephen is currently studying at Exeter University.study to be a doctor/lawyer etc My brother’s studying to be an accountant.study for an exam/diploma etc I’ve only got three weeks left to study for my exams.study under somebody (=be trained by a famous teacher) a psychologist who studied under Jung in Zurich► see thesaurus at learn2 [transitive]STUDY to try to find out more about a subject or problem, using scientific methods Goodall was studying the behavior of chimpanzees in the wild. The scientists were studying the action of a protein called ubiquitin.study how/what/why etc They’re studying how stress affects body chemistry.► see thesaurus at examine3 [transitive]LOOK AT to look at something carefully SYN look at She studied his face. They got out of the car and studied the map. I haven’t had time to study the proposals yet.THESAURUSstudy verb [intransitive, transitive] to learn about a subject at school, university etcIf you study hard, you’ll get a good job.He studied law at Harvard University.take verb [transitive] to study a subject that you have chosen at school, college etcWhat classes are you taking next semester?In my final year, I decided to take English and economics.do verb [transitive] British English informal to study a particular subject at school or universityI can’t decide whether to do German or Spanish next year.Did you do computing at school?major in something phrasal verb American English to study something as your main subject at a college or universityDiane majored in psychology at the University of Washington.revise verb [intransitive] British English to study to prepare for an examinationIt’s best to start revising early.He’s revising for his final exams.cram verb [intransitive] informal to study very hard and try to learn a lot of information just before an examinationEveryone’s cramming for their final exams.do research to study something in a very detailed way, especially in order to discover new information about itHe does research at Oxford University.I’m doing research into second language learning.It’s difficult to do research on humans. → See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusstudy• However, having studied all these reports, it does seem that voluntary organisation involvement is encouraged through national policy guidelines.• As a teen, Dunn was encouraged by her father to study art in college.• If Angel had studied at Cambridge he would never have become a farmer and married a country girl.• I studied cases of tuberculosis in hospital employees between 1984 and 1992.• "Is Ian coming with us?" "He can't - he's studying for his exams."• He studied for the bar exam all year, and he still didn't pass.• Alan hardly studied for the test, but he still passed.• I can't go to the movie tonight - I have a big test to study for.• Schultes has spent a lifetime studying hallucinogenic drugs.• If you study hard, you'll be able to get into a good university.• NASA has used the space shuttle to study how materials perform in a weightless environment.• My parents first met when dad was studying in England.• Language change is one of the subjects of historical linguistics, the subfield of linguistics that studies language in its historical aspects.• This allowed him to study many waves traveling along more or less the same path.• She's studying Music at Berkeley College in Boston.• I'm going to spend the afternoon studying my notes.• His parents sent him to Moscow to study physics, chemistry, and mathematics.• Less than 10% of girls choose to study Science at school.• She spent several years studying the behaviour of gorillas in Africa.• A team of scientists has been studying the effects of acid rain over a twenty-year period.• I won't comment till I've had time to study the proposals.• The bill says nothing about requiring taggants in gunpowder, only studying them.• Dad thinks I should study to be a doctor, but I'm not interested in medicine.• He's studying to be a lawyer.• She's at business school, studying to be an accountant.• Nicoll was himself a noted psychologist and studied under Jung in Zurich.• It's difficult to study when the weather's so hot.study to be a doctor/lawyer etc• They thought he should study to be a doctor.• And best of all, he was studying to be a lawyer, just like her father.study how/what/why etc• Actually I was just starting to go over the new plant feasibility study when you called.• Animal viruses became easier to study when methods of growing them were devised.• Her next logical step would be to begin studying when the summer was over.• Why should they study when they imagine a future secured by a seven-figure contract?• Students may study how famous people learned to cope with and benefit from failure.• Many people have already commented on their fascination and excitement at being able to study how Henry Moore lived and worked.• The cell can therefore be pressurised to study how materials behave under high pressure.• Endocrinology: Researchers have also been studying how thyroxine-deficient mouse model has been produced using transgenic ablation.From Longman Business Dictionarystudystud‧y1 /ˈstʌdi/ noun (plural studies) [countable] a piece of work that is done to find out more about a particular subject or problem, and usually includes a written reportAccording to a new study, home ownership in Europe ranges from 29% in Switzerland to 82% in Ireland.study of/intoa four-month study of the world’s largest debt market → case study → feasibility study → market study → method study → time and motion studystudystudy2 verb (past tense and past participle studied)1[transitive] to carefully consider a plan, idea, document etcI haven’t had time to study the proposals yet.We are studying a bonus system based on how long brokers stay at the firm.2[transitive] to watch or examine something carefully over a period of time in order to discover more about itJapanese firms are studying the U.S. market very carefully.3[intransitive, transitive] to spend time reading, going to classes etc in order to learn about a subjectShe was studying economics at Fordham University.My brother’s studying to be an accountant.→ See Verb tableOrigin study1 (1100-1200) Old French estudie, from Latin studium “mental effort, eagerness, study”, from studere “to be eager, try to be helpful, study”