From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishfundfund1 /fʌnd/ ●●○ W3 AWL noun 1 MONEY[countable] an amount of money that is collected and kept for a particular purpose The fund was set up to try to save the cathedral.pension/investment/memorial etc fund → funding, trust fund2 → funds3 SSO[singular] an organization that collects money, for example to help people who are ill, old etc → charity We give to the Children’s Fund every Christmas.4 → a fund of something5 → in fundsCOLLOCATIONSverbsset up/establish a fundThey have set up a fund to build a memorial to all those who died.manage/administer a fundThe fund is managed by an investment company.launch a fund (=start it)They plan to launch an investment fund by raising $40m from investors.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + funda trust fund (=money that belongs to one person, but is controlled by another)Proceeds from the sale of the house will go into a trust fund for the children. a pension fund (=for paying pensions)the country’s largest private pension fundan investment fund (=for buying shares, property, etc in order to make a profit)The building is currently owned by Argo Partnership, a Toronto-based investment fund.a campaign fund (=for helping a political party or person to get elected)These social events help to raise campaign funds.a memorial fund (=for remembering the life of someone who has died)The work is being paid for out of the memorial fund launched after Morris’s death.a benevolent/charitable fund (=for giving help to poor people)He contributed the sum of £1,500 to the benevolent fund.an appeal fund (=money collected to help people who are in a very bad situation)The appeal fund has now reached £65,000.
Examples from the Corpusfund• The government agreed to create a fund to help develop rural areas.• They used this money to set up a fund for the refugees.• Supporters have set up an appeal fund to help Peter fight the case.• Tell us, Gillian, how much do you have in the appeal fund now?• A total of $5,800 in church funds has been used to provide assistance to local people.• Finally, we have noted that other constitutional provisions may provide an independent bar to the conditional grant of federal funds.• The same is true, to some extent, with hedge funds.• The Government have given themselves a permanent contributions holiday by no longer making an Exchequer contribution to the national insurance fund.• The big mutual fund suffered late last year from the same mistakes that hurt the hedge fund.• More than 100 offshore funds pay an income in sterling.• The hand-sewn quilts will be sold at a Christmas Craft Fair to raise funds for the arts project.• The event was held to raise funds to promote AIDS awareness among young gays.• The event was to raise funds for the coordinated campaign of California Democrats.• All the money raised will be donated to the Cancer Research Fund.• New York's Inner City Scholarship Fund pays the college fees of students from poorer families.• The New Children's Shelter Fund received a grant of $80,000.• He is on trial for accepting kickbacks from business moguls to build his slush fund.• There's a special fund you can apply to, that pays for blind students to go to university.• That is the private opportunity cost of the funds tied up in the project.• A considerable part of these funds was passed on as dinar loans to domestic enterprises.• If I'm successful in raising over £500, those funds will go to the Bible School.fundfund2 ●●○ W3 AWL verb [transitive] PROVIDEto provide money for an activity, organization, event etc The project is jointly funded by several local companies. government-funded research→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusfund• Research into cancer has been well funded.• a charity funded by private donations• Medicaid is a state-administered program for low-income recipients that is substantially funded by the federal government.• The museum is funded by the local authority.• They suspect that the rebels are being funded by Western governments.• The women's shelter is funded entirely by the church.• The state should fund the arts for the benefit of us all.• Both schools and industry will be involved in funding the new training projects.From Longman Business Dictionaryfundfund1 /fʌnd/ noun1[countable]FINANCE an amount of money that is obtained and used for a particular purposeThey agreed to set up (=start) a $240 million international fund through which industrialized nations can help developing countries.2[countable]FINANCEORGANIZATIONS an organization that is responsible for obtaining and spending money for a particular purposeThanks to the European Development Fund, a fourth railway station will re-open in Wales this October.The fund invests in money market deposits with a range of banks and financial institutions.the World Wildlife Fund3funds [plural]ECONOMICSFINANCE money that a person or organization has availableWith the additional bank financing, we’ll have sufficient funds to pay our suppliers.4in funds having money, or enough money for a particular purposeHe promised to send repayment when he was next in funds.A new spending bill was needed to keep the government in funds (=make sure the government has enough money).5be short of funds/run out of funds to have little or no moneyThe government is short of funds and needs additional revenue quickly.The company ran out of funds, leaving gross debts of £900 million. 6funds [plural]FINANCEBANKING used to talk about borrowing for different periods of time7 (also investment fund) [countable]FINANCE a company whose activity is putting money from investors into a particular type of investment or a range of investments, or an amount of money invested in this wayThe fund will invest primarily in Asian companies.The GT Growth Fund is the largest investment fund operating in Chile. → authorized fund → balanced fund → bond fund → broker-dealer fund → closed-end fund → commodity fund → dual-purpose fund → equity fund → fund of funds → general-purpose fund → go-go fund → growth fund → hedge fund → high-yield fund → income fund → index fund → institutional fund → managed fund → money fund → mutual fund → no-load fund → open-end fund → performance fund → stock fund → tracker fund → umbrella fund → value fund → vulture fundfundfund2 verb [transitive]FINANCE1to provide money for an activity, organization, or eventThis year’s profits will be used to help fund a record £1.5 billion programme of investment over the next five years.The chairwoman remains relatively unworried about the group’s ability to fund its expansion. → see also overfunded, underfunded2to change the arrangements for paying a debt, so that you have more time to payProposals to fund part of the state debt faced stubborn resistance.→ See Verb tableOrigin fund1 (1600-1700) Latin fundus “bottom, piece of land”