From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishpenaltypen‧al‧ty /ˈpenlti/ ●●○ W3 noun (plural penalties) [countable] 1 SCLPUNISHa punishment for breaking a law, rule, or legal agreement No littering. Penalty $500. Withdrawing the money early will result in a 10% penalty.penalty for The penalty for a first offense is a fine.severe/stiff/heavy penalty Drug dealers face severe penalties. If he is convicted, he could receive the death penalty (=be killed as a punishment).► see thesaurus at punishment2 UNPLEASANTsomething bad that happens to you because of something you have done or because of the situation you are inpenalty of (doing) something One of the penalties of being famous is the loss of privacy. If you don’t do the job right, you will pay the penalty.3 DSa disadvantage in sports given to a player or team for breaking a rule Woodson received a penalty.4 DSFa chance to kick the ball or hit the puck into the goal in a game of football, rugby, or ice hockey, given because the other team has broken a rule Townsend kicked a penalty (=in a rugby game) in the last minute. Leeds were awarded a penalty.COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: a punishment for breaking a law, rule, or legal agreementADJECTIVES/NOUN + penaltya severe/stiff/heavy/tough/harsh penaltyThere were calls for stiffer penalties for killers of police officers.the maximum penaltyThe maximum penalty for the offence is now three years’ imprisonment.a financial penaltyParents who fail to prevent their children committing crimes are to face heavy financial penalties.the death penalty (=the punishment of being killed)If convicted, they face the death penalty.verbsa crime carries a penaltyMurder carries a minimum penalty of 15 years in prison.impose a penaltySevere penalties are imposed for election fraud.face a penaltyHe faces a maximum penalty of 10 years’ imprisonment. COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 4: a chance to kick the ball or hit the puck into the goal in a game of football, rugby, or ice hockey, given because the other team has broken a ruleverbstake a penalty (=in football or soccer)Why did they let Jones take the penalty?kick a penalty (=in rugby)Jon Bland kicked a penalty to make it 6–3.miss a penaltyHe missed that penalty against France.score a penaltyBilly Dodds scored a penalty for Rangers after 55 minutes.award/give (a team) a penaltyThe referee awarded Bradford a penalty in the final minute.
Examples from the Corpuspenalty• Although Newton missed the conversion, he added a penalty five minutes later.• And they had disintegrated in familiar fashion, with careless penalties and rampant ragged play.• In 1969, Britain abolished the death penalty for murder.• Drug smugglers face the death penalty if they are caught.• Then they filed another appeal in the federal courts challenging the constitutionality of the death penalty.• The contract includes stiff financial penalties for failure to complete the work on time.• While workers would lose pay during this leave, they would be shielded by the law against any other penalty.• Their fears may be justified, but the penalties of content control are very high.• The penalty for treason was always death.• He was given three penalty points and ordered to pay £15 towards prosecution costs.• You will be issued with penalty notices and the amounts due will be shown on your self-assessment statements.penalty for• Answer all questions on the test - there's no penalty for guessing.penalty of (doing) something• Penalty of perjury Applicants are also asked to sign an affidavit attesting to the accuracy of the information under penalty of perjury.• All are defined as crimes against humanity and carry a penalty of life imprisonment.• The suit demands damages and a civil penalty of ten times actual damages.• The transport energy penalty of a high-mass construction was described above.• If stuck, use a general penalty of -10 to Fel if the mask can be seen.• Those convicted by the tribunal face a maximum penalty of life in prison.• Millard said he would seek the maximum penalty of life in prison without parole.• Businesses must synchronize their production choices with consumer choices or face the penalty of losses and eventual bankruptcy.kicked ... penalty• Gregory converted the try and as he had also kicked a penalty goal early in the match Nottingham were on their way.• Leos scored tries through their scrum half Paul Mildenstein and fly half Ian Davidson, who converted both and kicked a penalty.• Didier Camberabero kicked a penalty and converted a characteristic try by Serge Blanco.• Alresford lifted the siege when Clarke kicked a penalty from fully 40 metres, and they followed up with the decisive try.• Andy Craggs kicked a penalty for Park.• Earlier, Craggs had kicked a penalty and then hit the post when attempting to convert Steve Towns' try.• McCall kicked a penalty five minutes from time to make sure for Bangor, who then added two tries as Collegians faded.• Parry kicked a penalty after three minutes before Stephens replied for Llanelli.From Longman Business Dictionarypenaltypen‧al‧ty /ˈpenlti/ noun (plural penalties) [countable]1a punishment for breaking a law or rulepenalty forThere will be increased penalties for dumping oil at sea.The offence carries a maximum penalty of two years’ imprisonment.The stiff penalties (=severe penalties) facing the eight racketeers are likely to act as a strong deterrent.2BANKINGINSURANCEan amount of money someone has to pay if they do not keep to a legal agreement, especially an agreement with a bank or an insurance companypenalty forThere is a 10% penalty for withdrawing funds in the first three years. → surrender penaltyOrigin penalty (1500-1600) Medieval Latin poenalitas, from Latin poenalis; → PENAL