From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishldoce_165_ghumanhu‧man1 /ˈhjuːmən/ ●●● S2 W1 adjective 1 PERSON/PEOPLEbelonging to or relating to people, especially as opposed to machines or animals There are many different cell types in the human body. the power of the human mind The desire for joy lies deep within the human spirit. Infra-red light is invisible to the human eye. theories of human behaviour different areas of human experience respect for the absolute value of human life The accident was the result of human error. The meat was declared unfit for human consumption.2 NORMALhuman weaknesses, emotions etc are those that are typical of people He was also a person with very obvious human failings.3 → somebody is only human4 NORMALSAMEhaving the same feelings and emotions as ordinary people He’s really not so bad. When you get to know him he seems quite human.5 → a/the human touch6 → human interest7 → the human condition8 → human chain9 → put a human face on something10 → capitalism/communism/socialism etc with a human faceCOLLOCATIONSnounsthe human bodyThe diagram shows all the organs in the human body.the human mind/brainDistances in space are too great for the human mind to comprehend.the human spiritOur capacity for forgiveness is a triumph of the human spirit.the human eye (=used especially when saying that something cannot be seen by people)These creatures are too small for the human eye to see.human lifeI firmly believe in the sanctity of all human life.human healthToxic waste is a risk to human health and the environment.human behaviour British English, human behavior American EnglishWe study the aspects of human behaviour that result from our social upbringing.human activityOur research measured the impact of human activity on this particular eco-system.human relationshipsTrust is an essential ingredient in all human relationships.human societyIn every human society there is a struggle for power.the human populationThe UN estimates that the human population will reach 9.1 billion by 2050.human errorInvestigators concluded that the crash was caused by human error.human needs (=the things people need to have in order to live a normal healthy comfortable life)The islanders meet the universal basic human needs of food and shelter in unexpected ways.human remains (=the body of someone who has died)The police found human remains in the basement.phrasesfor human consumption/habitation (=to be eaten/lived in by people)This meat is not fit for human consumption.
Examples from the Corpushuman• the effects of pollution on the human and animal population• human behavior• For all he knew it might not be unusual to unearth human bones in grounds such as these.• The humor springs from basic human emotions like love and fear of failure.• Bacteria cannot be seen with the human eye.• To argue that solutions only demean the grandeur of human ignorance?• The potential applications seemed as boundless as the human imagination.• Therefore, in throwing away his pipe, he intentionally cuts himself off from human pleasures and the ties of home.• It abhors all violence and relies upon moral education, love and sympathy to secure human progress.• We can illustrate this by reference to a basic and familiar area of human social experience, courtship and marriage.• The incident made Herman seem more human to his fans.• That the pioneers could hang on at all is monumental testimony to the tenacity of the human will.the human body• It also requires a specific point of entry into the human body.• It employs unconventional techniques and materials, even to the extent of transient use of the human body.• Their name derives from their capacity to become any of the 220 different types of cells that make up the human body.• To understand how exercise affects sleep, you must understand the circadian rhythm of the human body.• Idealist philosophers saw the human body as the most perfect expression of the vertebrate form.• In the case of the human body, that steady field is the Earth's magnetic field.• Carrying the analogy further, the functions carried out by the human body would be the electronic commerce applications.humanhuman2 ●●● W3 (also human being) noun [countable] PERSON/PEOPLEa personTHESAURUShuman/human being a personThe monkeys show no fear of humans.It was thought that the disease could not be passed to human beings.the human race all the people in the world, considered as one groupWar and aggression threaten the future of the whole human race.humanity people in general – used especially when you are talking about people’s rights, or their suffering etcThe general was accused of committing crimes against humanity.30% of humanity live in conditions of terrible poverty.mankind/humankind people in general – used especially when talking about their history and development. Some people prefer not to use mankind because it sounds like it does not include womenTravelling into space was a great advance for mankind.The greatest threat to humankind is poverty.man people in general – used especially when you are talking about people compared to nature. Some people prefer not to use man because it sounds like it does not include womenThe grandeur of the mountains is a constant reminder of man’s insignificance.
Examples from the Corpushuman• He's not human; he's an empty space disguised as a human.• I can't just let a human take over.• To be treated like a human is a luxury, perhaps, in this age where jobs are scarce.• But, of course, being known by another human leaves one open to incursion, to cast it in military parlance.Origin human1 (1300-1400) French humain, from Latin humanus