From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishrecordrec‧ord1 /ˈrekɔːd $ -ərd/ ●●● S1 W1 noun 1 information [countable]TCRECORD information about something that is written down or stored on computer, film etc so that it can be looked at in the futurerecord of I try to keep a record of everything I spend. According to official records, five people were killed last year near that road junction.2 highest/best ever [countable]DSBEST the fastest speed, longest distance, highest or lowest level etc that has ever been achieved or reached, especially in sport The American team set a new world record in the sprint relay.3 music [countable]TCRAPM a round flat piece of plastic with a hole in the middle that music and sound are stored on → vinyl I spent a lot of time listening to records. My dad’s got a huge record collection. a major British record company → record player4 past activities [singular]PAST the facts about how successful, good, bad etc someone or something has been in the pastrecord of/in (doing) something Chemistry graduates have a good record in finding employment. the company’s track record in improving conditionsrecord on Mr Davis defended the government’s record on unemployment (=what they have done about unemployment).5 crime [countable] (also criminal/police record) information kept by the police that shows someone has committed a crime He’s only 18 and he already has a record. They won’t employ anyone with a criminal record.6 → the record books7 → in record time8 → off the record9 → be/go on (the) record as saying (that)10 → for the record11 → set/put the record straightCOLLOCATIONS – Meaning 1: information about something that is written down or stored on computer, film etc so that it can be looked at in the futureverbsthe records show somethingOfficial records show that 44 businesses have stopped trading in the last 12 months.keep a recordTeachers keep a record of students’ progress.maintain a record formalThe directors are responsible for maintaining adequate accounting records.place/put something on record (=officially say something or write it down)I wish to put on record my objection to the scheme.access records (also have/gain access to records) (=be able to look at them)Every citizen has the right to access their medical records.ADJECTIVES/NOUN + recorda written recordWhere written records do survive, they are incomplete.historical recordsUsing historical records, we have produced an image of the temple.official recordsThis has been the wettest winter since official records began.an accurate recordMany hospitals did not keep accurate records.a detailed recordEdwardian travellers left detailed records of their journeys.a proper recordFailure to maintain proper records would be a criminal offence.confidential recordsThey were transferring confidential student records onto computer.a permanent recordYou will have a permanent record of your work.medical/hospital/health etc recordsThe hospital could not find my mother’s medical records.Patients’ hospital records are kept on a database.financial recordsThe company’s financial records must be up-to-date.public records (=records of births, deaths etc, that the public are allowed to look at)He found the information while examining public records.police recordsViolent assaults rose 39 percent, according to police records.phrasesthe biggest/highest etc on recordLast summer was one of the hottest on record.a matter of public record formal (=something that has been written down so that anyone can know it)His salary is a matter of public record. THESAURUSrecord information about something that is written downyour medical recordsthe public records officeI have to keep a record of all my spending when I’m travelling on business. file a set of written records, or information stored on a computer under a particular nameHe began reading the file on the case.I think I may have accidentally deleted the file.accounts (also books informal) an exact record of the money that a company has received and spentCompanies are required by law to publish their annual accounts.Someone had been falsifying the accounts.The company’s books all seemed to be in order.ledger one of the official books in which a company’s financial records are kept, which show how much it has received and spent The costs have been moved from one column of the ledger to another. minutes an official written record of what is said and decided at a meetingBoth points are mentioned in the minutes of the last meeting on August 3rd. diary a book in which you regularly write down the things that have happened to youIn his diary he wrote, ‘It s lovely having him here, we’ve had so many cosy talks.’ I’ll just check in my diary to see if I’m free.blog a web page on the Internet on which someone regularly writes about their life, opinions, or a particular subjectI may not always agree with David, but I always read his blog. register an official list of names of people, organizations etcGuests must sign the hotel register.the national register of births, deaths, and marriagesLloyds Register of Shippingroll an official list of names, especially of people who are allowed to do something such as vote or be in a class at schoolthe electoral roll (=list of people who can vote in an area)The teacher called the roll (=read out the list of the names of the students, who then have to say if they are present).log an official record that is kept on a ship or planeMr Appleby said he complained to a senior officer, who made a note in the ship’s log. COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: the fastest speed, longest distance, highest or lowest level etc that has ever been achieved or reached, especially in sportverbsbreak/beat a record (=do better or be greater than an existing record)He broke the world record twice.smash/shatter a record (=beat it easily)She smashed the record by a massive 28 seconds.hold a record (=have it)Davies holds the record for most points in a season.set a record (=achieve it for the first time)The twenty-year-old set a new British record of 44.47 secs.equal a record (also tie a record American English) (=do as well as the record)Woods equalled the course record and finished eleven under par.Davis tied a team record by hitting six field goals.a record stands (=is not beaten)His record stood for 42 years.a record falls (=is beaten)Another record will fall on the last day of the season, if Arsenal win their final game.adjectivesan all-time recordThe price of oil has hit an all-time record.a world recordPowell equalled the 100 metres world record with a time of 9.77 seconds.an Olympic recordHe won a gold medal and broke the Olympic record by 44 records.a British/American/Italian etc recordJones won in 10.93 seconds, a new British record.a course/track record (=the best score for a particular golf course or time for a racecourse or track)Lewis set the fastest lap with a new track record.a club/team recordIrvin holds a team record with 111 catches this season.record + NOUNa record number/level/time etcPollution in the lake has reached record levels.a record high/lowThe stock market reached a record high on August 21.a record attempt (=an attempt to break a record)They will make another record attempt next year.
Examples from the Corpusrecord• The hotel should have a record of who stayed there last month.• Keep a record of all your expenses during the trip.• The ship that had followed us would have left a record of its course, and ours.• This comes on top of a record 21 trillion yen in local government bonds expected for the year to April.• an old Beatles record• As an employee, his record is outstanding.• The department has a long record of high achievement.• The results of the blood test will be noted in your medical records.• According to your medical records, you had an operation five years ago.• Medical records are now kept on computers.• Our records are continually updated.• The US had serious concerns over the country's poor human rights record.• The industry's record on conservation is not very impressive.• Coach Rogers has boosted the team's record to 12 wins and only 4 losses.• I've checked the student records, and I can't find any mention of her name.• No one kept track of exactly how many were mistreated, but several thousand deaths blight the record of Ferdinand and Isabelia.• The records of births, marriages, and deaths were all destroyed in the fire.• The record of negotiating - and sticking to - regional specialisation in basic industries has not been impressive.• Their record against winning teams is 1-3.• Dyer scored 36 points, a tournament record.• HMA has a great track record of managing hospitals.• Money flows have a successful track record in predicting the direction of the stock market.• These files need to be initialised and the unused records marked as empty.record of• Records of births, marriages, and deaths are filed at City Hall.listening to records• The two teenagers had only been listening to records, but the dad was pissed, none the less.• They had a light supper, played backgammon for dimes, sat listening to records in the living room.• I spent a lot of time listening to records and just hanging out with friends. record of/in (doing) something• Economics allowed investment banking recruiters to compare directly the academic records of recruits.• The remainder will be recorded in the first quarter.• It is to the Standard that one looks for the first record of all.• To avoid damage in a down market, buy and hold stocks of companies with long records of rising earnings and dividends.• This record of their journey merits attention, hard though it is to watch.• Steve has a track record of not allowing medical adversity to stand in the way of his relentless pursuit of Olympic titles.• In experiments with rats, increased electrical activity was recorded in the satiety centre of the brain during chewing and swallowing.• None the less, this astonishing aviator's medal group sold for a world record of £120,000.recordre‧cord2 /rɪˈkɔːd $ -ɔːrd/ ●●● S3 W2 verb 1 [transitive]RECORD to write information down or store it in a computer or on film so that it can be looked at in the future Her husband made her record every penny she spent.record that He recorded that the operation was successful. In 1892 it is recorded that the weather became so cold that the river froze over. The coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death.2 [intransitive, transitive]TCR to store music, sound, television programmes etc on a disc or tape so that people can listen to them or watch them again The group has just recorded a new album. Is the machine still recording? I’ll record the film and we can all watch it later.3 [transitive]TM if an instrument records the size, speed, temperature etc of something, it measures it and keeps that information Wind speeds of up to 100 mph have been recorded.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusrecord• Washington, D.C. police recorded 483 murders in 1990.• Only 13 cases of this disease have ever been recorded.• Last year the company recorded a profit of £1.4 million.• Each time any plant material was harvested, it was laboriously weighed and recorded by the biospherians.• During the decades that followed the war, record collectors heard that acetate discs had been recorded but never broadcast.• Would you set the VCR to record ER for me tonight?• Police recorded his speed at 99.04 miles per hour.• For the Shema prayer is recorded in the book of Moses we call Deuteronomy, which is our first reading this morning.• The expedition recorded many new species of plants.• They are not restricted, as formal databases are, to record material that is highly structured.• The whole incident was recorded on an amateur video tape.• All transactions had to be recorded on government-provided fiscal receipts with special stamps.• Are we recording? Push that red button to start it.• A final communiqué recorded that "a thorough and candid discussion has taken place".• Make sure you record the date you bought the tickets.• The meteorological office recorded the lowest rainfall in 10 years.• I still have the tape on which I recorded the songs and music of that evening.• Do as many as you can and record your steps.record that• There is no record that an autopsy was carried out.• He set the school record that day in the 200 meters, McKinney said.• Three living dolphin groups have a record that extends back to about the late Miocene period some 11 million years ago.• Dan's notes record that he saw eleven B-17s go down.• I can only record that prisoners and prison staff displayed a rare unanimity in condemning the present system.• It was the Comets' answer to the regular-season record that showed them 0-3 against the Sparks.• Police said he had a history of mental illness and a criminal record that they would not disclose last night.• These exercises can be done to a strong rhythm, so choose a record that you will enjoy working out to.From Longman Business Dictionaryrecordrec‧ord1 /ˈrekɔːd-ərd/ noun1[countable] a piece of information that is written down or stored on computer, film etc so that it can be looked at in the futureThe exchange checked its employment records but found no trace of the individual involved.record ofThere’s no record of what was said at their private meetings.2on record written down or stored in a recordThe Italian market had one of its most depressing years on record (=that has ever been recorded).3[countable] the best or highest level that has ever been reachedThe price surpassed the previous record of $165,000 for one of his paintings.4[singular] the known facts about the past behaviour and success of a person or companyThe company had a solid record of sales growth for several years.He has an impressive track record (=record).record asHe strongly defended his record as chief executive. → see also stock of record, stockholder of recordrecordrecord2 adjective [only before a noun] highest, lowest etc evera record amount of debtCorporations issued a record $200 billion in bonds.recordre‧cord3 /rɪˈkɔːd-ˈkɔːrd/ verb [transitive]1to write information down or store it in a computer etc so that it can be looked at in the futureWe record the amount of time that people have off work because of sickness.2record gains/losses/sales etc if a company, share etc records gains, losses etc of a particular amount, it makes those gains, losses etcShares recorded sharp gains as market worries lessened.→ See Verb tableOrigin record2 (1100-1200) Old French recorder “to bring to mind”, from Latin recordari, from cor “heart”