From Longman Dictionary of Contemporary Englishldoce_178_fjumpjump1 /dʒʌmp/ ●●● S2 W3 verb 1 upwards a) [intransitive]JUMP to push yourself up into the air, or over or away from something etc, using your legs How high can you jump?jump over/across/onto etc something He jumped over the wall and ran off. Fans were jumping up and down (=jumping repeatedly) and cheering.jump clear (of something) (=jump out of danger) We managed to jump clear of the car before it hit the wall. b) [transitive]JUMP to go over or across something by jumping He jumped the gate, landing on the concrete.2 downwards [intransitive]JUMP to let yourself drop from a place that is above the ground The cats jumped down and came to meet us.jump from/out of/onto etc something Three people saved themselves by jumping from the window.3 move fast [intransitive always + adverb/preposition]HURRY to move quickly or suddenly in a particular direction SYN leapjump up/back/in etc Matt jumped up to answer the phone. We all jumped in a taxi. She jumped to her feet and left.4 in fear/surprise [intransitive]FRIGHTENED to make a quick sudden movement because you are surprised or frightened Marcia jumped. ‘What’s that noise?’ Sorry, I didn’t mean to make you jump (=surprise or frighten you). Don’t shout. I nearly jumped out of my skin (=was very shocked or frightened)!5 increase [intransitive]INCREASE IN NUMBER OR AMOUNT to increase or improve suddenly and by a large amountjump (from ...) to something Profits jumped to £2.6 million last year. Norway jumped from ninth to third place. ► Do not say that an amount, level, price etc ‘jumps up’. Say that it jumps. 6 keep changing [intransitive, transitive]CHANGE FROM ONE THING TO ANOTHER to change quickly and often from one idea, place, position etc to another – used to show disapprovaljump from something to something Cathy kept jumping from one topic to another.jump about/around (something) I’ve been jumping about the file instead of working straight through it.7 miss a stage [intransitive, transitive] to move suddenly to a further part of a book, discussion etc leaving out the part in between I’m afraid I jumped a couple of chapters.jump to The movie suddenly jumped ahead to the future.8 machine [intransitive]TMISTAKE if a machine or piece of equipment jumps, it moves suddenly because something is wrong with it Why does the video keep jumping like this?9 attack [transitive] informalSCCATTACK to attack someone suddenly Somebody jumped him in the park last night.10 → jump to conclusions11 → jump the gun12 → jump for joy13 → jump down somebody’s throat14 → jump the queue15 → jump through hoops16 → jump ship17 → jump bail18 → jump to it!19 → (go) jump in a lake!20 → jump the rails21 → jump a light22 → jump a train23 → jump the shark24 car [transitive] American EnglishTTC to jump-start a car25 sex [transitive] spoken not politeSYSEX/HAVE SEX WITH to have sex with someoneTHESAURUSjump verb [intransitive, transitive] to push yourself up into the air, over something etc, using your legsThe cat jumped up onto the table.He jumped over the stream.His horse jumped the fence successfully.skip verb [intransitive] to move forwards with little jumps between your steps, especially because you are feeling happyThe little girl was skipping down the street.hop verb [intransitive] to jump or move around on one legHe was hopping around because he’d injured his foot.leap verb [intransitive, transitive] especially written to suddenly jump up high or a long wayThe deer leapt over the fence.Tina leapt onto the boat as it was moving away.Fish were leaping out of the water.bounce verb [intransitive] to jump up and down several times, especially on something that has springs in itChildren love bouncing on beds.dive verb [intransitive] to jump into water with your head and arms firstZoë dived into the swimming pool.vault /vɔːlt $ vɒːlt/ verb [intransitive, transitive] especially written to jump over something in one movement, using your hands or a pole to help youHe vaulted the ticket barrier and ran for the exit.Ben tried to vault over the bar. → jump at something → jump in → jump on somebody → jump out at somebody→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpusjump• Something came out in front of me and I jumped.• She laughed and jumped about with the Palernians, trying to burst the bubbles.• Ricky jumped across the stream and ran all the way home.• The driver jumped clear as his vehicle fell into the river below.• As I waited, Pike started to fall, jumping clear of the stilts that had been holding him up.• She jumped down from the wall.• Following the attacks, he now jumps every time he hears a plane.• We will not jump from event to event just to prove that we can jump around.• He ducked, he jumped, he danced, he threw hard and was gracious in both victory and defeat.• Somebody jumped her from an alley as she was walking home.• But what -- or who -- jumps into the breach for the Lakers is Bryant.• Two guys tried to jump me in the park last night.• She jumped out of her skin, as something cold and snakelike was thrust into her hand.• He raced down the garden and jumped over the wall.• People often still follow the rather dangerous custom of jumping over these bonfires, especially on the feast of São João.• A couple of kids had jumped the fence and were playing around inside.• The dog jumped the gate and ran away howling.• He climbed over the wall and jumped the guard, easily overpowering him.• Junior was jumping up and down, hugging me.• My cat always jumps up onto the table when I'm trying to work.• Cathy's conversation jumped wildly from one topic to another.jump clear (of something)• To dance is to stretch up into the warm sun or jump clear across a dauntingly large puddle.• The 65-year-old driver, who was able to jump clear and shout a warning, escaped with a broken leg.• The driver, from Kempsey near Worcester, had jumped clear and was found by rescue workers.• The driver jumped clear as his vehicle fell into the river below.• The hit squad blew her vehicle off the road, and she was lucky to have jumped clear before the main explosion.• Kicking down the side-rest as he jumped clear, he spun round in time to see Mariana slide down the bank.• As I waited, Pike started to fall, jumping clear of the stilts that had been holding him up.• He says that he jumped clear with his hands over his eyes to stop them burning.jump from/out of/onto etc something• A red one jumped out on to the floorboards and they began to smoke.• Glover heard his father call his name and about jumped out of his skin.• He jumped out of the car and screamed.• I nearly jumped out of my socks.• One of the bricklayers jumped out of the truck and tried to run.• She says buried eels jumped out of the sand, and either stopped completely or moved sluggishly as if they were stunned.• When a Gingerbread Man jumped out of the oven and ran away, all sorts of people and animals gave chase.• When a runner from the office called my name, I jumped out of my skin. jumped to ... feet• Once again, 2,200 spectators jumped to their feet.• The governor jumped to his feet.• Most of the front row jumped to their feet and fled up the aisle away from the danger.• He jumped to his feet and saw that the sky seemed on fire.• Then she jumped to her feet and smoothed down the quilt.• Shiona jumped to her feet, the adrenalin racing through her.• Time after time, Republicans jumped to their feet to join Democrats in applauding the president.jumped out of ... skin• Glover heard his father call his name and about jumped out of his skin.• When a runner from the office called my name, I jumped out of my skin.jump about/around (something)• The percentage of trucks jumped about 15 percent, to roughly 7,000 a day.• We will not jump from event to event just to prove that we can jump around.• Then suddenly I get all cold, and I have to jump around a bit to get warm.• I jumped about five feet in the air when I heard this.• Either they jump out of the Cabinet, or they jump around in it.• Freddie Mac stock has jumped about seven times since then while the general market has only doubled.• One I specially like was a clockwork bathing lady who jumps about when you turn the key in her back.• She laughed and jumped about with the Palernians, trying to burst the bubbles. jump to• The number of employees is expected to jump to 35,000 by next year.jumpjump2 ●●● S3 noun [countable] 1 upJUMP an act of pushing yourself suddenly up into the air using your legs SYN leap the best jump of the competition a dancer famous for his impressive jumps2 downJUMP an act of letting yourself drop from a place that is above the grounddo/make a jump Douglas made his first 10,000-foot parachute jump yesterday.3 increaseINCREASE IN NUMBER OR AMOUNT a sudden large increase in an amount or valuejump in a jump in inflation rates4 progress especially British EnglishCHANGE/BECOME DIFFERENT a large or sudden change, especially one that improves things The new law is a great jump forward for human rights.5 → with a jump6 → keep/stay etc a jump ahead (of somebody)7 something you jump overDSHDS a fence, gate, or wall that a person or horse has to jump over in a race or competition Her horse cleared all the jumps in the first round.8 → get a jump on somebody/something → high jump, long jump, ski jump, triple jump, → take a running jump at running2(8)
Examples from the Corpusjump• Aziz won the event with a jump of 2 metres.• That was his best jump of the competition.• Was it Carl Lewis falling prostrate after his gold medal long jump?• a parachute jump• Or, as the Palace will no doubt be recommending to the duchess in due course ... take a running jump.• Her eyes were rimmed with the price of traversing oceans, the jump of time zones.• By then, their jump is reasonably established, so you can see what you are buying!do/make a jump• If the plaintiffs do jump that second hurdle, another will stand in their way.• She made a jump for the gun.jump forward• This White Paper is another jump forward.• Now take some big jumps forward.• Steven put his foot harder on the accelerator than he'd meant to, and the car jumped forward.• I jumped forward and shouted and waved.From Longman Business Dictionaryjumpjump1 /dʒʌmp/ verb [intransitive]1to increase suddenly by a large amountShare prices jumped by almost 8% yesterday.Imports jumped 12% to $5.6 billion.2jump ship to leave a company or organization, especially because it is not very good or very successfulTheir chairman jumped ship for a similar position with a German electronics firm. → jump in → jump into something→ See Verb tablejumpjump2 noun [countable]1a sudden large increasejump inThe company reported an 11% jump in sales last year.another big jump in crude oil prices2have/get a jump on somebody American English to have or get an advantage over another person or companyAT&T is trying to get a jump on its rivals in the videophone market.