medicinemedi‧cine /ˈmedsən $ ˈmedəsən/ ●●●S2W3 noun1[countable, uncountable]MD a substance used for treatingillness, especially a liquid you drinkMedicines should be kept out of the reach of children.Have you been taking your medicine?a medicine bottlemedicine chest/cabinet (=for keeping medicine in) ► Do not say that you ‘drink medicine’. Say that you take medicine.2[uncountable]MHSE the treatment and study of illnesses and injuriesShe studied medicine at Johns Hopkins University.the remarkable achievements of modern medicine3 →the best medicine4 →give somebody a dose/taste of their own medicine5 →take your medicine (like a man)COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: the treatment and study of illnesses and injuriesadjectivesmodern medicine (=medicine based on science)Thanks to modern medicine, these babies will survive.conventional/orthodox medicine (=ordinary modern medicine)Some sufferers reject conventional medicine.Western medicine (=conventional medicine as developed in Western countries)the scientific basis of Western medicinetraditional medicine (=medical treatments that were used before modern medicine)The plant was used in traditional medicine for the treatment of stomach problems.alternative/complementary medicine (=medical treatments that are not part of modern medicine)Various types of alternative medicine, particularly acupuncture, can give pain relief.herbal medicine (=medical treatments that use herbs)In ancient China, herbal medicine was often used with acupuncture.holistic medicine (=medical treatment of a whole person, not just a particular illness)One principle of holistic medicine is that each person is unique.folk medicine (=medical treatments that were used by ordinary people, especially in the past)Researchers are looking at plants that are commonly used in folk medicine.Chinese medicine (=medical treatments that are traditional in China, for example using herbs and acupuncture)Acupuncture is part of traditional Chinese medicine.geriatric/veterinary/tropical etc medicine (=medical study relating to specific groups or types of illness)Advances have been made in veterinary medicine, so that our pets are living longer, healthier lives.THESAURUSmedicine noun [countable, uncountable] a substance used for treating illnessCertain medicines should not be taken with alcohol.Has he taken his medicine?pill noun [countable] a small piece of medicine that you swallowShe managed to swallow the pill with a sip of water. The doctor gave him some pills.sleeping pillsdiet pillscontraceptive pillstablet noun [countable] especially British English a small piece of solid medicineShe’s now on four tablets a day.a five-day course of tablets sleeping tabletsanti-malaria tablets antibiotics/aspirin/codeine etcThe doctor put him on a course of antibiotics. Why don’t you take some aspirin?The tablets contain codeine, which is unsuitable for people with asthma.capsule noun [countable] a small tube-shaped container with medicine inside that you swallow wholea bottle of 500 capsules of vitamin CI advised her to take four to six garlic capsules a day for the duration of the treatment. caplet noun [countable] a small smoothpill that is slightly longer than it is wide – used especially on bottles and containersIn small type, the consumer is warned not to take more than one caplet per day.eye/ear drops liquid medicine that you put into your eye or earRemember — if you’re using eye drops for your hay fever, leave your contact lenses out. cream noun [countable, uncountable] especially British English (also lotion especially American English) a thick smooth substance containing medicine, that you put on your skinan antibiotic creamantiseptic creamskin creamdrug noun [countable] a medicine or a substance for making medicinesa drug used to treat malariaThere are a wide range of different drugs on the market.dosage noun [countable usually singular] the amount of medicine that you should take at one timeThe dosage should be reduced to 0.5 mg.It’s important to get the dosage right.medication noun [countable, uncountable] medicine or drugs given to someone who is illHe takes medication for his diabetes.She’s on medication (=taking medication), having suffered from depression for a number of years.