From King Dictionary of Contemporary Englishsurfacesur‧face1 /ˈsɜːfɪs $ ˈsɜːr-/ ●●●S3W1 noun [countable]1water/landSURFACE the top layer of an area of water or landsurface ofDead leaves floated on the surface of the water.Nearly 10% of the Earth’s surface is covered by ice.Gas bubbles in any liquid tend to rise to the surface.beneath/under/below the surfaceThe tunnel was some 300 feet below the surface.2outside/top layer the outside or top layer of somethingsurface ofthe surface of the vaseThe road surfaces tend to be worse in the towns than in the country.a frying pan with a non-stick surfaceon something’s surfacemold growing on the cheese’s surface3 →the surface4for working onSURFACE a flat area on the top of a cupboard, table, desk etc, that you use for cooking or working onwork/kitchen surfaceKeep kitchen surfaces clean and tidy.Work on a clean, flat surface.5side of an objectSURFACE one of the sides of an objectHow many surfaces does a cube have? → scratch the surfaceat scratch1(8)COLLOCATIONS – Meaning 2: the outside or top layer of somethingadjectivesthe upper/top surfaceThe upper surface of the leaf is dull green.the outer/inner surfaceThe outer surface of the shell is ridged.smoothMarble provides a cool smooth surface.roughI reached out and touched the rough surface of the stone wall.textured (=not smooth, because of its design)Many floor tiles have textured surfaces to make them less slippery underfoot.hardThe path has a hard surface suitable for wheelchairs and pushchairs.shinyThis type of cloth has a shiny surface on one side.polishedI didn't want to spill anything on the polished surface of the table.slipperyThe sign read: ‘Beware: slippery surface.’flatPut the compass on a flat surface.
surfacesurface2 verb1HIDE/NOT SHOW#[intransitive] if information, feelings, or problems surface, they become known about or easy to noticesurface inRumors about the killings have begun to surface in the press.the jealousy that had surfaced in her2WAKE UP/GET UP[intransitive] if someone or something surfaces, they suddenly appear somewhere, especially after being gone or hidden for a long timeSYN pop upLast year Toole surfaced again in Cuba.3APPEAR[intransitive] to rise to the surface of waterdivers surfacing near the boat4[intransitive] British English informal to get out of bed, especially lateJoe never surfaces before midday on Sunday.5[transitive]TBCTTR to put a surface on a road→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
surface• More problems surfaced after the king fell ill.• In fact many of them were pre-1917 privatetraders who surfaced again after 1921.• He surfaced from his thoughts and turned back to the room.• When Greene surfaced from the war in the mid-1940s the literaryfriendshipresumed.• But to its surprise, the task force surfaced growing complaints.• Rumors about the killings have begun to surface in the press.• The other 30 picturessurfaced just last month.• Suddenly one whalesurfaced right beside our boat.• Now it was Alain's face that surfaced when she let down her guard.• "Have you seen Cathy?'' "No, she hasn't surfaced yet.''surfacesurface3 adjective [only before noun]1relating to the part of the army, navy etc that travels by land or on the sea, rather than by air or under the seathe Navy’s surface forces2SEEMappearing to be true or real, but not representing what someone really feels or what something is really likeSYN superficialBeneath the surface calm, she felt very insecure.