subjectsub‧ject1 /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/ ●●●S2W1 noun [countable]1thing talked aboutSUBJECT the thing you are talking about or considering in a conversation, discussion, book, film etcPaul has strong opinions on most subjects.The subjects covered in this chapter are exercise and nutrition.subject ofTruffaut’s childhood memories were the subject of his first film.While we’re on the subject of money, do you have the $10 you owe me? ► Don’t say ‘the subject is about ... ’: The subject of the poem is war. | The poem is about war. →subject matter2at schoolSESSEC an area of knowledge that you study at a school or universityMy favorite subject is math.3in artAVPTCP the thing or person that you show when you paint a picture, take a photograph etcMonet loved to use gardens as his subjects.4in a testHBTEST/EXPERIMENT a person or animal that is used in a test or experimentThe subjects of this experiment were all men aged 18–35.5grammarSLG a noun, noun phrase, or pronoun that usually comes before a main verb and represents the person or thing that performs the action of the verb, or about which something is stated, for example ‘she’ in ‘She hit John’ or ‘elephants’ in ‘Elephants are big’ →object1(6)6citizen formalPGC someone who was born in a country that has a king or queen, or someone who has a right to live therea British subject →citizen(2), national2COLLOCATIONSverbsdiscuss/talk about a subjectHave you discussed the subject with your husband?change the subject (=start talking about something different)She tried to change the subject.mention a subjectThe subject was not mentioned again.deal with/cover a subject (=speak or write about it)The subject is dealt with in great detail in his previous book.touch on a subject (=say or write a little about it)In his speech, he touched on the subject of death.bring up/raise a subject (=deliberately start talking about it)You brought the subject up, not me.get onto a subject (=happen to start talking about it)We somehow got onto the subject of detective stories.broach a subject (=start talking about a sensitive subject)She hesitated, wondering exactly how to broach the subject of their sleeping arrangements.get back to a subjectSomehow I just knew in the end we would get back to the subject of money.drop a subject (=stop talking about it)To her relief, Julius dropped the subject.avoid/keep off/stay off a subject (=not talk about it)I knew he was trying to avoid the subject of drugs.She hoped that Anna would keep off the subject of Luke for the next few hours.get somebody off a subject (=make them talk about something else)It was difficult to get him off the subject of cars.a subject comes up (=people start talking about it)The subject of payment never came up.adjectivesan interesting/fascinating subjectFame is a fascinating subject.a difficult/complex subject (=very complicated)Immigration is a complex subject.a controversial subjectThe content of the curriculum has become a controversial subject.a sensitive/touchy subject (=one that people may get upset about)Steer clear of complicated issues or sensitive subjects.a delicate subject (=one that may be embarrassing)She carefully avoided discussing the delicate subject of money.a taboo subject (=one that it is not acceptable to mention)For them, death was not a taboo subject.phrasesa subject of/for discussionTV is a favourite subject for discussion.a subject of conversationShe searched for a new subject of conversation.a subject of/for debate (=a subject people discuss and disagree about)The reason for the increased risk of cancer is still a subject of debate.a subject of controversy (=a subject people disagree about strongly)Nuclear power is still the subject of considerable controversy.a subject area (=a group of related subjects)He has written a lot in this subject area.
subject• Responses to naturalchallenges thus continually free humanity from its environment and at the same time subject it to the resultantsolutions.• Most authors of political business cyclemodelssubject their models to econometric or other forms of testing.• Exhaustgases are then subjected to an air injection which encourages unburnt fuel to ignite in the exhaust manifold.• The only sign of this disorder is the splitting of albumin into two distinctbands when serum is subjected to electrophoresis.• To what extent are club doctors subject to pressure to agree to players playing while injured?• Because they lead somewhat unusual lives, college teachers are often subjected to this type of elaboratecaricature.• Physiological mechanisms which control the population dynamics are also subject to variation and selection.From King Business Dictionarysubjectsub‧ject /ˈsʌbdʒɪkt/ adjective1subject to used to say that something is affected, or can be affected, by somethingWithdrawals are subject to a withholding tax of between 10% and 30%.Dealers convicted of felony charges will be subject to suspension.2subject todependent on something elseThe proposed transaction is subject to shareholder approval.A deal has been struck, subject to contract (=it is not final until the contract has been signed).3subject to averageINSURANCE used in insurancecontracts to describe a situation in which a property has been insured for less than its real value, and the insured person has to pay for part of any lossIn the event of under-insurance, the settlement would be subject to average.Originsubject1(1300-1400)Old FrenchLatinsubjectus, from subicere“to put under your control”, from jacere“to throw”