researchre‧search1 /rɪˈsɜːtʃ, ˈriːsɜːtʃ $ -ɜːr-/ ●●●S2W1AWL noun [uncountable] (also researches [plural] formal)1SESTUDYserious study of a subject, in order to discover new facts or test new ideasresearch into/onresearch into the causes of cancerGould was helped in his researches by local naturalists.2STUDYthe activity of finding information about something that you are interested in or need to know aboutIt’s a good idea to do some research before you buy a house. → investigation →market researchCOLLOCATIONSverbsdo/carry out research (also conduct research formal)The research was carried out by a team of scientists at Edinburgh University.Little research has been conducted into the subject.undertake research formal (=start or do research)They are planning to undertake research into the genetic causes of the disease.adjectivesscientific researchOur conclusions are based on scientific research.medical researchThe charity raises money for medical research.historical researchThis is a fascinating piece of historical research.basic research (=the most important or most necessary area of research)He wants to conduct basic research into the nature of human cells.extensive research (=research that examines a lot of information and details)Extensive research has proved the theory wrong.painstaking research (=very careful and thorough research)She spent years carrying out painstaking historical research.pioneering research (=research that produces completely new information)Watson did pioneering research on the long-term effects of dieting.research + NOUNa research project/programmeThe research project will be funded by the Medical Research Council.research findings (=what is discovered by a piece of research)He will present his research findings at the conference.research workDoctor Fox received world-wide acclaim for her research work on breast cancer.a research teamThe professor will head a research team working on the effects of climatic change on agriculture.a research studentHe supervised many research students.a research grant (=money for doing research)Have you applied for a research grant?phrasesan area/field of researchThis is a very exciting area of research.a piece of researchA recent piece of research shows why marriages break up.a body of research (=results from several pieces of research)There is a large body of research which indicates that passive smoking causes cancer.COMMON ERRORS ► Don’t say ‘make research’. Say do research or carry out research.THESAURUSresearch noun [uncountable]carefuldetailed work that is done in order to find out more about a subject, especially as a part of a scientific or academicprojectBillions of dollars have been spent on research into the causes and treatment of cancer.The University has for a long time been a leading centre for research in this field.work noun [uncountable] the studies that have been done on a particular subjectFaraday is famous for his work on electricity.A lot of work has been done on hydrogen-powered cars.Their work had an enormous influence on the study of genetics.study noun [countable] a piece of work in which someone examines a particular subject in order to find out more about it, and writes about what they have foundThe study showed that 25 percent of adults do not eat breakfast at all, compared with 14 percent in 1961.Recent studies suggest that our sense of smell is closely linked with the part of the brain that deals with memory.experiment noun [countable] a scientific test in order to find out what happens when you do somethingThey carried out a series of experiments (=they did a series of experiments) in order to try to prove their theory.Experiments have shown that there is an increased risk of some forms of cancer.
researchre‧search2 /rɪˈsɜːtʃ $ -ɜːr-/ ●●○AWL verb [intransitive, transitive]1SESTUDYto study a subject in detail, especially in order to discover new facts or test new ideas → investigateHe’s been researching material for a documentary.research intoTen years ago I began researching into the role of women in trade unions.RegisterIn everyday English, people often use the expression do research rather than the verb to research:She’s been doing some research into the history of the area.2STUDYto get all the necessary facts and information for somethingThis book has been very well researched.→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
research• Joslin's legal documents were praised for being well researched.• He researchedalone at night, and by day discussed his findings with no one.• That was 10 years ago and since then I've researched and developed that simpledietingprinciple.• Vargas began researching his family's history 12 years ago.• Doctors researching into the causes of the disease believe they may have found a cure.• At one time we had about eighty people here who did nothing but research into various family genealogies.• Scientific Officerrequired to assist with a project researching intracellular events in scrapie-infected cells.• He spent four years researchingmaterial for the play.• The couple still maintain close links with local schools, where they spend hours researching, sketching and absorbingjokes.• They want to research the features and the prices and they want to get the information from some one they can trust.• It is important to research the market fully before offering a new product for sale.From King Business Dictionaryresearchre‧search /rɪˈsɜːtʃ, ˈriːsɜːtʃ-ɜːr-/ noun [uncountable]1study of a subject to find out new things about it or to test new ideas, products etcA leading pharmaceutical company will finance the research.What sets us apart from the rest of the industry is that we do research on our products to prove our claims. —research verb [intransitive, transitive]We need to research the market. →attitude research →audience research →customer research →field research →investment research →market research →motivational research →operations research →qualitative research →quantitative research2research centre/institute etc an organization or department where new ideas and products are developed, tested etca research centre to test US-made Honda partsThese studies were conducted in more than 160 independent universities and research institutions in 23 countries.Originresearch1(1500-1600)Old Frenchrecerche, from recerchier“to find out about something thoroughly”, from cerchier; → SEARCH2