Word family noun judge judg(e)ment adjective judg(e)mental verb judge
From King Dictionary of Contemporary English
Related topics: Occupations, Law
judgejudge1 /dʒʌdʒ/ ●●● S2 W2 noun [countable] 1 SCTBOthe official in control of a court, who decides how criminals should be punished The trial judge specifies the number of years to be spent in prison.federal judge/high court judge etc (=a judge in a particular court)2 JUDGEsomeone who decides on the result of a competition The panel of judges included several well-known writers.3 a good/bad judge of something4 be the judge (of something)5 let me be the judge of that6 be judge and jury7 as sober as a judge
Examples from the Corpus
judgeJudge Butler gave the defendant a six-month jail sentence.Judge Pamela GiffordBut in an entire career, I never knew a judge who I believed was bribed by raw money.a judge's controversial decisionThe court cases discussed indicate how judges have been resolving conflicts on these issues.The other judges, both charisma-free, were handpicked to make him shine.Everyone stood up as the judge entered the courtroom.All that will be considered by the judge and the Lord Chief Justice in making their recommendations.Secondly, that any delay which did occur was reasonable and, as indeed the judge himself found, justifiable.When it was over, the judges signed a certificate saying that they believed Harrison had indeed told them everything he knew.The judge advised the governor that the law violated the First Amendment rights of teachers.There are normally three judges for the national essay competition.A New York judge awarded custody of the boy to Leo in 1994 and allowed Heard to see him every other weekend.
Related topics: Law
judgejudge2 ●●● S3 W3 verb (judged, judging) 1 opinion [intransitive, transitive]JUDGE to form or give an opinion about someone or something after thinking carefully about all the information you know about them You should never judge a person by their looks. Judge us on the improvements we make in the economy. The therapist judged that Margaret had made a serious attempt to kill herself. pollutants that were judged hazardous to human health I am in no position to judge whether what she is doing is right or wrong. The economic results of the reforms are very difficult to judge. The likelihood of future bombs was impossible to judge. We judge the success of a product by the number of sales it brings in. His conduct, judged objectively by what he has done, is dishonest. Robert wanted to go and help him, but judged it best to stay where he was. Do not judge her too harshly, as she was very young at the time.2 judging by/from something3 competition [intransitive, transitive]JUDGE to decide on the result of a competition I had the difficult task of judging the competition.judge somebody on something Competitors will be judged on speed and accuracy.4 criticize [intransitive, transitive]CRITICIZE to form an opinion about someone, especially in an unfair or criticizing way He just accepts people for what they are and he doesn’t judge them.5 law [transitive]SCT to decide whether someone is guilty of a crime in court6 it’s not for somebody to judge7 as far as I can judge8 don’t judge a book by its coverCOLLOCATIONSphrasesbe difficult/hard to judgeThe economic results of the reforms are difficult to judge.be impossible to judgeHow much this affected their children was impossible to judge.judge something objectively (=by looking at the facts)His behaviour, judged objectively by what he has done, is dishonest.judge somebody harshly (=in a severe or unkind way)Do not judge her too harshly; she was very young at the time.judge something correctlyIt takes a lot of experience to judge correctly what is needed. judge something a success/failure (=consider it to be a success/failure)The concert was judged a success.judge something on its merits (=according to what you see when you look at it, rather than what people tell you)The arguments should be judged on their merits.judge something on the basis of something (=by considering something)It is difficult to judge progress on the basis of a single day.judge it best/better to do something (=think that something is the best thing to do)Robert wanted to go and help him, but judged it best to stay where he was.judge it safe to do something (=consider that it is safe to do something)He listened for some time before judging it safe to go downstairs. THESAURUSjudge to form an opinion about someone or something, using your knowledge, experience, and intelligenceHe will judge whether the project has been a success.It’s difficult to judge how long the work will take.assess to judge how good, bad, successful etc someone or something is, especially by using a fixed set of standards. Assess is often used about measuring studentsabilities and performanceAre tests and exams the best way to assess students’ progress?The insurance company will send someone to assess the damage. evaluate to judge how good, bad, successful etc someone or something is, especially by carefully examining all the information about them. Evaluate is often used about the work of people doing researchThe data from the study is still being evaluated.The test is used to evaluate the effects of pesticides on domestic bees.gauge (also gage American English) formal to judge people’s opinions or feelings about something, or to measure the effect, importance etc of something. Gauge is often used when talking about getting a general idea of what something is likeA meeting was arranged in order to gauge the opinions of pupils, parents and teachers.It' s too early to gauge the impact of the oil price rises on people’s spending.Without further information it is impossible to gauge the full extent of the problem.appraise formal to judge how successful, effective etc someone or something is, especially by comparing their good and bad pointsTwice a year, managers appraise the performance of employees.This research aims to appraise the effectiveness of different kinds of public sector financial assistance. On what basis will a teacher be appraised?
→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
judgeShe should do what seems right to her. It isn't for me to judge.He seems like a nice guy, but it's too early to judge.I have a hard time judging ages, but the baby looked about six months old.A photograph of a stormy beach was judged "best in show" by the panel.The annual flower show was judged by a TV celebrity and a professional horticulturist.The changes should be judged by their results.Judging from Monday night's game, the team still has a lot of work to do.Seems extraordinary, but judging from the hardback sales, his fan club is as big as ever.He did Human Figure Drawings, which were judged impoverished.Pupils were judged in two categories: age 6 to 8, and age 9 to 12.Dwight judged it dangerous to navigate in darkness in these waters.What right does she have to judge me?Don't judge other people unless you want to be judged yourself.If we totally loved ourselves, we would not feel the need to judge others.Bridget, you shouldn't judge people like that.Some students may judge that the benefits they receive from further education are less than the costs of that education.Kaldor judged that the moment was exactly right to call an election.Dillon and two other writers judged the poetry contest.Who's judging the talent contest?The instrument maker knows how to choose his materials, and can judge their qualities and defects.Women judged to be at high risk for breast cancer should be examined every year.Skating is rife with bias, carrying the inherent subjectivity of judging to extremes.Of that number, approximately 20 percent were eventually judged unfavorable by the Applicant Review Panel.How do you judge when a house needs a new roof?2,000 foreign and local monitors were watching to judge whether the elections were free and fair.It's difficult to judge whether this is the right time to tell him.judge ... harshlyAlways sympathetic to the underdog, Will felt compassion for vice presidents and urged us not to judge them too harshly.But they did not judge her lover harshly.Don't judge yourself too harshly.Somehow she must convince Jake that it would be wrong to judge her harshly.During the last couple of months that he holds that office, he will be judged harshly on what he does.judge somebody on somethingThe gymnasts are judged on skill and strength.
From King Business Dictionaryjudgejudge1 /dʒʌdʒ/ noun [countable]LAW the official in control of a court who decides how criminals should be punished, or makes decisions about disagreements that the court has been asked to solveThe case is scheduled for trial today before Judge Robert Parker.a County Court judge bankruptcy judge circuit judge district judge federal judgejudgejudge2 verb [transitive] to form or give an opinion about how good or bad something isjudge something on somethingThe company will be judged on its quarterly reports.judge something against somethingAnalysts’ recommendations are judged against a performance index for the industry they follow.→ See Verb tableOrigin judge1 (1100-1200) Old French juge, from Latin judex judge2 (1200-1300) Old French jugier, from Latin judicare, from judex; JUDGE1