failurefail‧ure /ˈfeɪljə $ -ər/ ●●●S3W2 noun1lack of success [countable, uncountable]FAIL a lack of success in achieving or doing somethingOPP successSuccessful people often aren’t very good at dealing with failure.failure to do somethingthe conference’s failure to reach an agreement2unsuccessful person/thing [countable]FAIL someone or something that is not successfulOPP successI always felt a bit of a failure at school.3 →failure to do something4business [countable, uncountable]BBBF a situation in which a business has to close because of a lack of moneyBusiness failures in Scotland rose 10% last year.5machine/body part [countable, uncountable]THB an occasion when a machine or part of your body stops working properlyThe cause of the crash was engine failure.heart/kidney/liver etc failureHe died from kidney failure.failure ina failure in the computer system6crops [countable, uncountable] an occasion when crops do not grow or produce food, for example because of bad weathera series of crop failuresCOLLOCATIONS – Meanings 1 & 2verbsend in/result in failureA series of rescue attempts ended in failure.be doomed to failure (=be certain to fail)The rebellion was doomed to failure from the start. admit failureHe was too proud to admit failure.accept failureBeing able to accept failure is part of life.avoid failureShe was anxious to avoid failure.adjectivescomplete/total/utter failureThe project ended in total failure.abject/dismal failure (=used to emphasize how bad a failure is)The experiment was considered a dismal failure.a personal failure (=a failure that is someone's personal fault)He considered his inability to form long-term relationships to be a personal failure.economic failureEconomic failure drove the government out of office.phrasesfear of failureFear of failure should not deter you from trying.the risk/possibility of failureThe risk of failure for a new product is very high.The possibility of failure was sufficiently high for the auditors to warn investors.an admission of failureDropping out of college would be an admission of failure.a history of failure (=a situation in which someone has failed many times in the past)Some children have a history of failure at school.a string of failures (=a series of failures)The team has had a string of failures in recent games.a sense of failurePeople may feel a sense of failure if they admit they have ended up in a job they hate.the consequences of failureThe political consequences of failure would be defeat at the next election.failure + NOUNa failure rateThere is a high failure rate in the restaurant industry.THESAURUSfailure noun [countable] someone or something that is not successfulThe book was a complete failure. I felt a complete failure.flop noun [countable] informal something that is not successful because people do not like it – used especially about a film, play, product, or performanceDespite the hype, the movie was a flop at the box office.Their next computer was a flop.disaster noun [countable] used when saying that something is extremely unsuccessfulOur first date was a disaster.Their marriage was a total disaster.fiasco noun [countable usually singular] something that is completely unsuccessful and goes very badly wrong – used especially about things that have been officially planned, which go very wrongThe baggage system broke down on the first day the airport was open. It was a complete fiasco.The fiasco came close to ending de Gaulle's political career. debacle noun [countable usually singular] formal an event or situation that is a completefailure, because it does not happen in the way that it was officially plannedthe banking debacle that has put our economy at riskshambles noun [singular] especially British English if a situation or event is a shambles, it is completely unsuccessful because it has been very badly planned or organized, and no one seems to know what to doThe first few shows were a shambles, but things soon got better.washout noun [singular] informal a failure – used when something is so bad that it would be better if it had not happenedThe play wasn’t a complete washout; the acting was okay.His most recent and ambitious project, a big-budget Hollywood film, was a washout with both critics and audiences alike.turkey noun [countable] informal something that is so bad and unsuccessful that you think the people involved should be embarrassed about it – a very informal useAt the time most people thought the car was a complete turkey.Since then he has appeared in a string of turkeys.