dustdust1 /dʌst/ ●●●S3W3 noun1DH[uncountable]drypowder consisting of extremely small bits of dirt that is in buildings on furniture, floors etc if they are not kept cleanAll the furniture was covered in dust.a thick layer of dustThere’s not a speck of dust in the kitchen.gather/collect dust (=become covered with dust)Her old trophies were collecting dust on the shelves.Dust particles floated in the sunlight.A sudden breeze sent motes of dust (=small bits of dust) dancing in the air.2DH[uncountable] dry powder consisting of extremely small bits of earth or sandThe wind was blowing dust and leaves up from the ground.A car sped past in a cloud of dust.3TIH[uncountable] powder consisting of extremely small bits of a particular substancecoal/brick/chalk etc dust4 →a dust5 →let the dust settle/wait for the dust to settle → bite the dustat bite1(8), → dusty, → leave somebody in the dustat leave1(15), → not see somebody for dustat see1(35)COLLOCATIONSverbsbe covered in dustEverything was filthy and covered in dust.gather/collect dust (=become covered with dust)Piles of old books lay on the floor gathering dust.phrasesa layer of dustI brushed away the thin layer of dust which covered the picture.a speck of dust (=a tiny piece of dust)By the time I'd finished cleaning, there wasn't a speck of dust anywhere.a particle of dust/a dust particle (=a small piece of dust)The air is full of dust particles.motes of dust/dust motes literary (=small pieces of dust)Glittering motes of dust hung in the sunlight.
dustdust2 ●●○ verb1[intransitive, transitive]DHC to clean the dust from a surface by moving something such as a softcloth across itRachel dusted the books and the bookshelves.I was dusting in the bedroom when the phone rang.2[transitive] (also dust down, dust off)DC to remove something such as dust or dirt from your clothes by brushing them with your handsHe got to his feet and dusted his knees.dust yourself (down/off)Corbett dusted himself down and walked off.3[transitive]SPREAD to put a fine powder over somethingdust something with somethingDust the biscuits with icing sugar. →dust something ↔ off→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
dust• She didn't often dustbehind the pictures.• We dusted each other down and then it was time to walk home.• He clambered down, dusted himself off.• Then he straightened and dustedinvisiblegrains of dirt from the knees of his coveralls.• She decided to dust the dining room furniture again.• A maiddusted the furniture.• Fussily, the embalmer dusted the remains of the salt from her body.• Dust the top of the cake with cinnamon.• A thorough cleaning includes dusting under the wardrobes.dust yourself (down/off)• The Doctorpulled himself up and dusted himself down.• William clambers over with terribledifficulty, dusts himself off and heads towards where she stands.• She dusts herself off and rejoins the group.• Swindon have got to pick themselves up, dust themselves off and start all over again.• The soldier rose, dusted himself off, pulled out his card, and presented it to the two boys.• However, Grimm was already picking himself up, swearing, dusting himself off, retrieving his cap.• He clambered down, dusted himself off.• Mentally, I got up and dusted myself off.Origindust1Old English