drugdrug1 /drʌɡ/ ●●●S2W1 noun [countable]1MDDan illegalsubstance such as marijuana or cocaine, which some people take in order to feel happy, relaxed, or excitedA lot of young people start taking drugs at school.She always looks as though she’s on drugs (=taking drugs).Jimi Hendrix died of a drug overdose.2MDa medicine, or a substance for making medicinesa drug used in the treatment of cancerdrug fornew drugs for AIDS-related conditionsDrugs prescribed (=ordered for people) by doctors can be extremely hazardous if used in the wrong way.The big drug companies make huge profits.3a substance that people doing a sport sometimes take illegally to improve their performanceShe was banned from the Olympics after failing a drug test (=a test that shows if you have taken drugs).performance-enhancing drugs4[usually singular] a substance such as tobacco, coffee, or alcohol, that makes you want more and more of it5 →be (like) a drug → miracle drugat miracle(3)COLLOCATIONSverbstake/use drugsI think I took drugs to escape my problems.do drugs informal (=take drugs)All my friends were doing drugs.be on drugs (=take drugs regularly)It can be very hard to tell if your teenager is on drugs.be addicted to drugs/dependent on drugs (=be unable to stop taking drugs)People who are addicted to drugs need help.be/get hooked on drugs informal (=be/get addicted)She got hooked on drugs, and ended up homeless.experiment with drugs (=try taking drugs)She admitted that she had experimented with drugs.come off/get off drugs (=stop taking drugs permanently)It was years before I was able to come off drugs.deal (in) drugs (also supply drugs formal) (=sell drugs)He’s in jail for dealing drugs.inject drugs (=use a needle to put drugs into your body)People who share equipment for injecting drugs are at risk of contracting HIV.be high on drugs (=be experiencing the effects of a drug)He committed the crime while he was high on drugs.drug + NOUNdrug use/abuse (=taking drugs)She is being treated for drug abuse.a drug user (=someone who takes drugs)We set up a counselling service for drug users.drug addiction (=the problem of not being able to stop taking drugs)his struggles with alcoholism and drug addictiona drug addict (=someone who cannot stop taking drugs)At 20 Steve was a drug addict, unemployed and lonely.a drug problem (=the problem of being addicted to drugs)His daughter has a drug problem.a drug overdose (=taking too much of a drug at one time)She died from a drug overdose.a drug dealer/pusher (=someone who sells drugs)The city's streets are full of drug dealers.a drug trafficker/smuggler (=someone involved in bringing drugs into a country)US efforts against drug traffickersdrug trafficking/smuggling (=the crime of bringing drugs into a country)The maximum penalty for drug smuggling was 25 years in jail.the drug tradethe international drug tradethe war on drugs (=a long struggle by the authorities to control drugs)The war on drugs continues.a drug charge (=a legal accusation that someone is guilty of having or selling drugs)He’s awaiting trial on a drug charge.a drug offence (=a crime related to having or selling drugs)Luciani is serving 20 years for drug offences.adjectivesillegal drugsA lot of crime is connected to illegal drugs.hard drugs (also class A drugs British English) (=strong drugs such as heroin, cocaine etc)He was in prison for dealing hard drugs.soft drugs (=less strong drugs such as marijuana)Soft drugs are legal in some countries.recreational drugs (=taken for pleasure)Ecstasy was first used in Britain as a recreational drug in the 1980s.designer drugs (=produced artificially from chemicals)Designer drugs are highly addictive and can have unpredictable side effects.COMMON ERRORS ► Don’t say ‘light drugs’. Say soft drugs. Instead of ‘heavy drugs’, you usually say hard drugs.
drugdrug2 verb (drugged, drugging) [transitive]1MDto give a person or animal a drug, especially in order to make them feel tired or go to sleep, or to make them perform well in a raceJohnson drugged and attacked four women.There was no evidence that the horse had been drugged.2MDHARM/BE BAD FORto put drugs in someone’s food or drink in order to make them feel tired or go to sleepSYN spikeThe wine had been drugged.3 →be drugged up to the eyeballs —drugged adjective→ See Verb table
Examples from the Corpus
drug• We can't all be permanently drugged.• Collins says she was drugged and then raped on their first date.From King Business Dictionarydrugdrug /drʌg/ noun [countable]1a medicine or substance for making medicinesSYNPHARMACEUTICALa drug used in the treatment of cancera drugs company →over-the-counter drug →prescription drug2an illegal substance that people take to make them feel happy or excitedThe business was secretly laundering drug money.Origindrug1(1300-1400)Old Frenchdrogue